Wadi Gaza region
The region No. 009
The district Gaza
The area 25km
The height +0, +06m
The latitude & longitude 31 35`N 34 27`E
The description of the region:
Wadi Gaza is a wetland region and also the largest valley in Gaza; it follows the coastal system of the Mediterranean Sea. It covers the four residential areas of Al-Mighraqa, Al-Nuseirat, Al-Bureij and Juhr Al-Deik. Wadi Gaza has a diverse ecosystem due to its wide range of habitats. It plays an important role for migratory birds, but is also a suitable area for plant and wildlife that require coastal and sand dune habitats. Right now the shore, a unique marine habitat for many species, is under the threat to be destroyed because of water pollution and human activity.
There are few regions in Gaza that have stayed in their original and natural land condition due to humans continually destroying the land. There are unique characteristics for Wadi Gaza
The plants of the region:
*need more information
The birds of this region:
- Wadi Gaza is an undeveloped natural area in the Gaza strip making it an ideal place for migratory and non-migratory birds to still find a natural home environment in which to live.
- Nearly 60% of the birds that travel from Europe to Africa through the Middle East “refuel” in Gaza
- Some of the birds that reside in the Wadi Gaza region, during the summer or autumn period, are currently internationally threatened.
- The important birds that pass the region in large amounts are: (new information?)
- The Glaucous Gull, which is registered about 2500 birds in January 1999. The Greater Flamingo was seen in January 1998, the Night Heron, the Shoveler, and the Great Cormorant reside in the region in the winter (it was registered 150 birds between Gaza port and the Common Snipe (20 couple)).
- The Crane bird was registered in previous time and its current position is unknown. The White Pelican passes the region during its emigration it was registered as a crossing bird, the Common Tern birds can be founded in large amount reach to 2000 birds some of them resident the other are emigrated birds, the Great Black-headed Gull exists in Dier Al – Balah shore,
- This region is considered as the most important region for the resident and emigrated bird in Palestine.
The negative effects:
- Throwing garbage and sewage water to Wadi Gaza from the 1948 borders and also from the Israeli’s cities and companies and from the Palestinian cities.
- Hunting during the autumn period.
- The destruction of some parts of the area because of the infrastructure of the buildings, which is irregular and built beside the valley and the shore.
- The unjust grazing due to the large numbers of shepherd in this region.
The protection procedures:
- Stop the partial destruction of Wadi Gaza and some of the shore region, which is considered a special place for birds.
- Regulation of the hunting, specifically the hunting of the migrating birds
- Regulation of the grazing
- Make an environmental survey for the region to identify its natural resources and then implement a national strategy to conserve and protect its natural resources
- Replant the area with native plants that are currently absent, since those plants are considered as a basic resource for the migrating bird
- Endorse an environmental awareness campaign to educate the Palestinian Society in Gaza Strip about the local and international importance of the Wadi Gaza shore and its biodiversity.